China Best Sales OEM Forged Casting CZPT Bevel Pinion Differential Straight Spiral Gear straight bevel gear

Product Description

Product Description

Spur Gear/ Helical Gear/ Straight Bevel Gear/ Spiral Bevel Gear/ Worm Gear
With more than 10yeas experience in the field of gear manufacturing, CHINAMFG can supply various kinds of gears, such like Spur Gear/ Helical Gear/ Straight Bevel Gear/ Spiral Bevel Gear/ Worm Gear. It’s equipped with CNC gear hobbing machines, CNC helical gear broaching machines, gear grinding machines and so on, and also equipped with testing equipment, such like gear profile measuring instrument, and hardness testing instrument. It has strong manufacturing ability and quality control ability, enable to supply good quality gears for customer.

Modulus M0.5-M12
Processing machine Forging, Machining, Hobbing teeth, Milling teeth, Shaving teeth, Grinding teeth….…
Material 20CrMnTi/ 20CrMnMo/ 42CrMo/ C45/ 40Cr/ SS304/Brass……
Heat treattment Carburizing and quenching/ Tempering/ Nitriding/ Carbonitriding/ Induction hardening
Hardness 58-62HRC
Qaulity standerd GB/ DIN/ JIS/ AGMA
Accuracy class 5-8 class

                      Spur gear                                                           Helical gear                                                        Spiral gear 

                       Bevel gear                                                  Internal gear ring                                  Small module gear made of brass


Equipped with CNC lathe, CNC hobbing teeth machines, CNC broaching teeth machines, CNC grinding teeth machines, Carburizing and Quenchin euqipments, Teeth profile measuring instruments……

                         Workshop                                                                                                     CNC grinding teeth machines   


                  CNC grinding teeth machine                                                                           CNC Hobbing teeth machine

                   Teeth profile measuring instrument                                                                       Carburizing and Quenching 




Q1: Are you trading company or manufacturer ?
A: We are factory.

Q2: How long is your delivery time and shipment?
1.Sample Lead-times: 10-20 days.
2.Production Lead-times: 30-45 days after order confirmed.

Q3: What is your advantages?
1. The most competitive price and good quality.
2. Perfect technical engineers give you the best support.
3. OEM is available.



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Application: Motor, Motorcycle, Machinery, Marine, Toy, Agricultural Machinery
Hardness: Hardened Tooth Surface
Gear Position: External Gear
Manufacturing Method: Machining
Toothed Portion Shape: Spur Gear
Material: 42CrMo/20crmnti/C45/ 40cr
US$ 5/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

Request Sample



Customized Request

differential gear

How does a differential gear distribute power between the wheels?

A differential gear is responsible for distributing power between the wheels of a vehicle, allowing them to rotate at different speeds while maintaining torque transfer. Here’s a detailed explanation of how a differential gear accomplishes this:

1. Power Input:

The differential gear receives power from the transmission or driveshaft connected to the engine. This power is transmitted to the differential assembly, which is typically located in the axle housing.

2. Ring and Pinion Gears:

Within the differential assembly, the power from the driveshaft is transferred to the ring and pinion gears. The ring gear is a large gear that surrounds the differential assembly, while the pinion gear is a smaller gear connected to the driveshaft. The interaction between these gears allows the power to be redirected.

3. Side Gears and Spider Gears:

The ring gear is connected to side gears, also known as bevel gears, through a set of small gears called spider gears. The side gears are attached to the axle shafts, which are responsible for transmitting power to the wheels. The spider gears allow the side gears to rotate independently of each other while maintaining torque transfer.

4. Differential Action:

As the vehicle moves, the differential gears enable the wheels to rotate at different speeds during turns. When the vehicle is moving in a straight line, the spider gears rotate smoothly, allowing equal power distribution to both wheels. However, during a turn, the inside wheel travels a shorter distance than the outside wheel, causing them to rotate at different speeds.

5. Speed and Torque Distribution:

The differential gear adjusts the speed and torque distribution between the wheels based on their rotational differences. When the vehicle is turning, the spider gears allow one wheel to rotate faster than the other, ensuring that torque is transferred to the wheel with better traction. This allows the wheels to rotate at different speeds, preventing tire scrubbing and providing smooth cornering.

6. Limited-Slip and Locking Differentials:

In certain differential systems, such as limited-slip differentials or locking differentials, additional mechanisms are incorporated to enhance traction and power distribution. Limited-slip differentials use clutch packs or friction plates to provide a predetermined amount of resistance, allowing some speed differentiation between the wheels while still transferring power. Locking differentials, on the other hand, lock the side gears together, ensuring equal torque distribution to both wheels, regardless of traction conditions.

7. Differential Types:

There are various types of differentials, including open differentials, limited-slip differentials, electronic differentials, torque vectoring differentials, and more. Each type has its own mechanisms and technologies to distribute power between the wheels effectively, depending on the vehicle’s requirements and driving conditions.

In summary, a differential gear distributes power between the wheels by utilizing a system of gears, including ring and pinion gears, side gears, and spider gears. The differential action allows the wheels to rotate at different speeds during turns, ensuring smooth cornering and preventing tire scrubbing. Additional mechanisms, such as limited-slip or locking differentials, can further enhance traction and power distribution in various driving conditions.

differential gear

How do differential gears affect fuel efficiency in vehicles?

In vehicles, differential gears can have an impact on fuel efficiency. Here’s a detailed explanation of how differential gears affect fuel efficiency:

  • Gear Ratio: The gear ratio of the differential can affect fuel efficiency. A higher gear ratio (numerically lower) allows the engine to run at lower RPMs for a given speed, which can result in improved fuel efficiency. This is because the engine operates more efficiently in its lower RPM range, consuming less fuel. On the other hand, a lower gear ratio (numerically higher) can provide better acceleration and performance but may result in higher fuel consumption.
  • Friction and Efficiency Losses: Differential gears introduce friction and mechanical losses in the drivetrain. As power is transmitted from the engine to the wheels through the differential, some energy is lost due to friction in the gears, bearings, and other components. These frictional losses reduce overall efficiency and can have a slight impact on fuel consumption. However, modern differentials are designed with efficiency in mind, and advancements in lubrication, materials, and manufacturing techniques help minimize these losses.
  • Limited-Slip Differentials (LSD): Limited-slip differentials (LSDs) can have a minor effect on fuel efficiency compared to open differentials. LSDs use additional mechanisms to distribute torque between wheels, resulting in a slight increase in mechanical losses and energy consumption. However, the impact on fuel efficiency is generally minimal and may not be noticeable in everyday driving situations.
  • Driving Style and Traction: The traction characteristics of differential gears can indirectly influence fuel efficiency. In slippery conditions or situations where wheelspin occurs, open differentials may allow excessive power to be lost in wheel slip, resulting in reduced traction and poorer fuel efficiency. Limited-slip differentials or advanced traction control systems can minimize wheel slip and improve overall traction, leading to better fuel efficiency by reducing power wastage.
  • Vehicle Type and Design: The impact of differential gears on fuel efficiency can vary depending on the vehicle type and design. Factors such as weight, aerodynamics, tire type, transmission, and overall drivetrain configuration play a significant role in determining fuel efficiency. While differential gears are a part of the drivetrain, their influence on fuel efficiency needs to be considered in conjunction with other vehicle characteristics.

In summary, differential gears can affect fuel efficiency in vehicles primarily through their gear ratio, friction and efficiency losses, and traction characteristics. While the impact on fuel efficiency is generally modest, optimizing the gear ratio and minimizing frictional losses can contribute to improved fuel economy. Additionally, the traction benefits provided by limited-slip differentials or advanced traction control systems can indirectly enhance fuel efficiency by reducing power wastage in wheel slip situations.

differential gear

What are the applications of differential gears in off-road vehicles?

Off-road vehicles rely on differential gears for various applications that enhance their performance and capability in challenging terrains. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Traction Improvement:

One of the primary applications of differential gears in off-road vehicles is to improve traction. Off-road terrain often consists of uneven surfaces, loose soil, rocks, mud, or deep snow, which can cause the wheels to lose traction. Differential gears, such as limited-slip differentials or locking differentials, help distribute torque to the wheels with better traction, reducing wheel slip and maximizing grip. This allows off-road vehicles to maintain forward momentum and conquer obstacles that would otherwise be difficult to navigate.

2. All-Wheel Drive (AWD) Systems:

Off-road vehicles commonly utilize differential gears in their all-wheel drive (AWD) systems. AWD systems distribute power to all four wheels, providing better traction and stability on off-road terrain. Differential gears enable power transfer between the front and rear axles, as well as between the left and right wheels on each axle, allowing for optimal torque distribution based on traction conditions. This helps improve overall off-road performance and control.

3. Articulation and Wheel Independence:

Off-road vehicles often encounter uneven terrain with varying degrees of wheel articulation. Differential gears play a crucial role in maintaining wheel independence, allowing each wheel to move up or down independently to better conform to the terrain. This ensures that the wheels maintain contact with the ground and enhances traction, especially when navigating over rocks, logs, or steep inclines.

4. Hill Climbing and Descending:

When climbing steep inclines or descending steep slopes, differential gears are essential for off-road vehicles. In these situations, differential gears help distribute torque between the wheels on each axle, allowing the wheels with better traction to propel the vehicle forward or provide controlled braking. This improves stability, prevents wheel slip, and enhances the vehicle’s ability to tackle challenging uphill or downhill sections.

5. Off-Road Racing:

In off-road racing, differential gears are utilized to optimize performance and handling. High-performance off-road vehicles often employ advanced differential systems, such as limited-slip differentials or torque vectoring differentials. These systems actively distribute torque to the wheels with better traction, improving acceleration, cornering ability, and overall vehicle dynamics in competitive off-road racing environments.

6. Rock Crawling and Trail Driving:

Off-road vehicles designed for rock crawling or trail driving heavily rely on differential gears. These vehicles require precise control and maximum traction in low-speed, technical situations. Differential gears, particularly locking differentials, are employed to ensure that both wheels on an axle rotate together, maximizing traction and allowing the vehicle to maneuver over challenging obstacles, such as large rocks, boulders, or deep ruts.

In summary, differential gears in off-road vehicles have several applications, including traction improvement, all-wheel drive systems, articulation and wheel independence, hill climbing and descending, off-road racing, rock crawling, and trail driving. These applications enhance the performance, control, and capability of off-road vehicles in demanding and rugged terrains.

China Best Sales OEM Forged Casting CZPT Bevel Pinion Differential Straight Spiral Gear straight bevel gearChina Best Sales OEM Forged Casting CZPT Bevel Pinion Differential Straight Spiral Gear straight bevel gear
editor by CX 2024-04-09